A Frothy Mug in the Houses of Liberty

Free speech in the coffee houses of Europe and America birthed the rise of gentility, republican government, and liberty during a time of, as Beatrix Potter said, “swords and periwigs and full-skirted coats with flowered lappets – when gentlemen wore ruffles, and gold-laced waistcoats of paduasoy and taffeta…” Whether philosophical men between sips passionately debated…

The Battle of Springfield: June 23, 1780

In answer to their ranked, ordered folly, We gave them musket and rifle volley; And when lack of wadding silenced our noise, Our minister then said, “Give them Watts, boys!” Known as the “forgotten victory,” the Battle of Springfield demonstrated the American spirit and English animosity more than perhaps any other battle in the American…