The 1745 Rebellion: Jacobites and Scotland

What is it about Scotland that has stirred the imagination for centuries? Aside from spectacular geography, one word answers this question, “heritage.” The struggles of Scotland may be largely understood as an endeavor to preserve a culture and people that resonate with valiant and independent principles. In this sense, Scotland embodies the highest ideals of conservative thought; preserving the true, good, and beautiful. Although misplaced, the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745 was certainly the last national moment of Scottish independent fervor, and marks the grave of Scottish autonomy and tradition. Any rebirths of Scottish culture since 1745 have been reenactments of earlier glory, such as the Robert Burns and Sir Walter Scott craze of the 19th century and the Celtic music fad of our own day. With the last battle at Culloden, the English banned the kilts along with all Highland dress, destroyed the clan system, illegalized the carrying of all weapons in Scotland, and sealed the power of the English monarch over all Scottish subjects. The end of a civilization had come. Read more on Landmarks of Liberty

E. Wesley – Mackinac Center Intern

Sir Robert Walpole: A New Executive

If ever a glorious concept of government arose from a scandalous politician, Sir Robert’s Walpole’s career would fit the description.  Walpole politically defined the executive for the rest of the Western World to follow.  On the surface of it, Walpole did little to advance liberty through his policy, but his political organization did much to bring about concepts of limited government and liberty throughout the Western world and beyond.  Read more on Landmarks of Liberty

E. Wesley – Mackinac Center Intern