A Frothy Mug in the Houses of Liberty

Free speech in the coffee houses of Europe and America birthed the rise of gentility, republican government, and liberty during a time of, as Beatrix Potter said, “swords and periwigs and full-skirted coats with flowered lappets – when gentlemen wore ruffles, and gold-laced waistcoats of paduasoy and taffeta…” Whether philosophical men between sips passionately debated…

The 1745 Rebellion: Jacobites and Scotland

What is it about Scotland that has stirred the imagination for centuries? Aside from spectacular geography, one word answers this question, “heritage.” The struggles of Scotland may be largely understood as an endeavor to preserve a culture and people that resonate with valiant and independent principles. In this sense, Scotland embodies the highest ideals of…

The Battle of Glenshiel: June 20, 1719

The knights of James for battle array, While James himself is still away, That reiver Rob Roy and Lord Murray, Broadsword to broadsword pledged to stay. Per Scriptum E. Wesley – Mackinac Center Intern In 1320, the signers of the Scottish Declaration of Arbroath vowed, “for, as long as but a hundred of us remain…