The Battle of Formigny: England vs. France (April 15, 1450)


Much of Western Civilization in Western Europe has been characterized by the nationalistic animosity between England and France that took two world wars to finally end. But where did this animosity come from? In 1066, the Duke of Normandy (France) invaded England, dethroned Edward the Confessor, and became known as William the Conqueror. At that point, noble titled land in France became linked to the Norman English kings. However, as France followed the Conqueror’s model of royal feudal centralization of the nobility, French lands became a recipe for dynastic contest. Between 1337 and 1453, the kings of England and France waged perhaps the longest single national war in Western history, the Hundred Years’ War. Until 1429, the English were winning the war in almost every land encounter. In that year, nationalist hero of France and Catholic saint, Joan of Arc, broke the English siege of Orleans, setting in motion a twenty four year process of French unification and expulsion of English forces in France. However, the most decisive battle against the English on land was the Battle of Formigny on April 15, 1450. The battle would not only signal the end of the Hundred Years’ War, it would solidify the imperial contest between England and France on the national scale for future eras to come. This division within Western Civilization was born out in many key events of the founding of liberty in the West.  Read more on Landmarks of Liberty

E. Wesley – Mackinac Center Intern

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